Sexually Transmissible Infections (STI)

Further information is available about the most common STI. You may not even know you have one.

Make the right moves

Your sexual health relies on shared prevention with your partner.

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Make the right moves

Condoms are not just for stopping pregnancy. They are also the best way to avoid STI.

Make sure you know how to use a condom properly and always have some with you.

Getting it right

STI (Sexually Transmissible Infections) are passed on through sexual contact or the exchange of body fluids.

Many people who have an STI don’t have any obvious symptoms or signs. So it’s important you get the facts about how they are spread and always have safe sex.

The rates of notification of chlamydia, gonorrhoea and infectious syphilis in the Northern Territory, and other remote areas,

continue to be substantially higher than those in other states and territories.

Like other infections or diseases, STI are caused by the spread of organisms like bacteria, viruses or parasites.

STI caused by bacteria include chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis. STI caused by viruses include herpes, HIV, HPV and hepatitis B.

Anyone can get an STI, but they are most common in people between 15 and 29 years of age.

The risk gets higher if you don’t always use condoms or have several sexual partners.

If left untreated STI can lead to serious and painful health consequences, ranging from infertility to cancer.

For example, chlamydia can cause PID and infertility; and HPV can cause cancer.

Yes, most infections require a simple and often free test.

Treatment is usually quite easy if caught in the early stages, depending on the STI of course.

Other than not having sex at all, condoms offer the best protection from STI.

Always be prepared by carrying condoms with you. However, a condom is only effective when it covers the infected area. That’s why it’s important to also swap sexual histories with your partner (including whether you’ve had an STI or been tested for one) and to discuss whether you should be tested as a couple.

Chlamydia is the most frequently reported STI in Australia.

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39% of sexually active students reported they only used condoms 'sometimes' when they had sex.

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HIV diagnosed cases increased by 10% in 2012 and continues to rise.

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Gonorrhoea has increased by 67%, from 35.1 per 100,000 population in 2008 to 58.9 in 2012.

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